Europe has a rich, diverse history that spans thousands of years. One of the most fascinating parts of this history is classical architecture. The buildings and ruins left behind by ancient civilizations have come to define European culture and still inspire us today. Below are some examples of how different landmarks in Europe give us insight into their pasts:
The Coliseum is the most famous landmark in Rome and one of the most recognizable structures in Europe. Built between 70-80 AD, this massive amphitheater was designed by the Romans as a venue for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles, including animal hunts and executions. In later years it also served as an arena for plays or chariot races–you can still see where actors once stood on stage!
The building itself has undergone many changes over time: It’s been damaged by earthquakes; part of it was demolished by fire; parts have been rebuilt (including its iconic arches); and restoration projects continue today. Today visitors can tour this architectural masterpiece while learning about its history through interactive exhibits inside their smartphones at certain points inside The Colosseum experience via Google Maps Street View technology–so cool!
Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England, 2 miles west of Amesbury and 8 miles north of Salisbury. It is the most famous prehistoric monument in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The site covers an area of 20 hectares (50 acres).
The Colosseum is an ancient Roman amphitheatre in Rome, Italy. Located just east of the Roman Forum, it was used for gladiatorial contests and other public spectacles such as mock sea battles (nymphaea). The building was completed in 80 AD under Emperor Titus and still stands today as one of the world’s most renowned monuments.
The Colosseum is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. Its construction was marked by its innovative use of concrete technology. For example, its dome remains the largest unreinforced solid concrete dome ever built; its inner structure includes a complex system of trusses that were assembled without bolts or fasteners; it also has a sophisticated drainage system that prevented flooding from rain or artificial water sources within its walls
Acropolis of Athens
The Acropolis of Athens is a sacred rock that has been home to many ancient temples. The Parthenon and Erechtheion are two of the most famous monuments on this site, with the former being an iconic temple dedicated to Athena, goddess of wisdom and strategy. The latter was built as a tribute to Erechtheus–a mythological king who fought against Poseidon during his reign over Athens–as well as Kore (Persephone), daughter of Demeter (goddess of agriculture).
The third main structure on this hilltop sanctuary is Temple of Athena Nike, which was built in honor of victory over enemies in battle; it’s located near other statues depicting Nike herself along with various other deities such as Ares (god war) and Hermes (messenger god).
The Alhambra is a Moorish palace and fortress complex located in Granada, Spain. It was built as a fortified palace in the 13th century by the Emir of Granada Muhammad ibn al-Ahmar (known as “Abu al-Hasan”). Alhambras construction began in 1238 and continued for 3 years until 1240 when it was completed by his son Yusuf I who ruled until 1273.
It’s been said that there are more than 1000 rooms inside this structure! It was used by Muslim rulers until they were expelled from Spain in 1492 during the Reconquista era when Ferdinand V of Castile captured it after winning battle against them at Loja (Loxa) which took place on December 2nd 1482 – three months before Columbus discovered America!
The Alhambra has been declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO along with other monuments including Cordoba Mosque Complexes.”
Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France
In the 17th century, Louis XIV built the Palace of Versailles to show that France was the most powerful country in Europe.
The palace is now home to French kings and queens, who have lived there for centuries. It’s also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The classical architecture was a major influence on other styles in the following centuries.
Classical architecture is a style of architecture that flourished in ancient Greece and Rome. It was the dominant architectural style for centuries, influencing other styles and forms throughout Europe. In particular, it was revived in the Renaissance and Baroque periods.
Classical buildings were often made of stone or marble, with columns and arches supporting large stone structures above ground level. They often had semicircular domes at their tops (known as hemispheres). The Romans also built aqueducts to bring water into cities from nearby rivers or springs; these aqueducts would sometimes have several levels with different roads running along them above ground level
These ancient landmarks of Europe are just a few of the many that can be found across the continent. They show how much influence the classical architecture had on other styles in following centuries and even today.